Updated Rwanda wiki page

My hardworking team has updated the Rwanda wiki page. Great job!



Some examples of student’s work

As stated, the planning and preparing for the documentary filming was very important as it required time-management, mathematical and teamwork skills to be properly achieved. It also put the participants in full control of their own work.  Below is an example of one of the participants’ planning for their documentary in which they used Etoys, which in and of itself, uses advanced programming. This child created their own book, showing different frames of their proposed documentary.

As the students began to record their documentaries, the most striking and exciting outcome was the amount of creativity that the participants displayed for their documentaries. One group of friends, decided to work together and turn their individual documentaries into one collective TV show in which they dressed up, each played part and created a Rwandan story. Below is a screenshot in which some of the group plays the role of local judges (and a military officer) who decide the fate of a poor man who offended a rich man in the village.

Another favorite of our team is when one participant casually records a day in the life at his house, introduces his family, shows his room, then, suddenly, puts down his laptop and shows off his karate skills!

Another striking factor from the documentaries was the number of participants who included their family and friends in their documentaries. In the parent questionnaires, many of the parents expressed joy and gratitude that they could share something like this with their children.

Successes of “A Day in the Life” Documentary Camp

As part of a full report, here are some reflections on the successful factors of the documentary camp:

The major success of the camp was the achieving our set goals:

As quoted in the research section a majority of students said the camp helped to foster their creativity. In a traditional school setting students have little chance to interpret and create things on their own and that is why we wanted this camp to have a broad theme (a day in the life) that could be interpreted in many different ways. A very powerful outcome happened in the beginning of the camp when the Headmistress of EPAK, the only public school participant, sat in with her students during a group discussion. They were all very quiet and reserved and could not/did not want to express themselves, yet, when the Headmistress looked across the room she saw that the private school students were busy discussing and coming up with creative ideas. She later shared with Sam that from this camp she realized that the way teaching is done in her school needs to change so that children have more time to be creative and think on their own.

Working in deep ways
Because the camp focused on using an intuitive activity, students spent majority of the camp working, planning and thinking about their documentaries rather than learning how to use the activity.

Time management, problem solving & mathematical thinking
This camp also exemplified the use of many concepts from traditional school. For example, an important thing for children was to manage their time so that the documentary was not created haphazardly one afternoon, but rather a well-thought out plan that adhered to a structured timeline. Additionally, as the camp did not include any instruction on how to use the laptop, children were left to explore and work with their neighbors to problem solve their technical issues. Lastly, editing and planning for editing requires a lot of mathematical knowledge, as students have to arrange their film by frames and arrange the speed, etc.

Group Work
By the end of the camp the class which was formally one collective group had fragmented into many smaller groups, which were drastically diverse, containing a mix of girls and boys from all of the four different schools, rather, the groups were arranged more so by friends that had been made during the course of the week or interests and topics of their documentaries. Many participants also noted on their questionnaires that they learned to work better in groups during the camp.

Documentary Creation
While the above outcomes are far more important than how our final product actually looked, our group was stunned by the great documentaries created by the participants. They took their time, recorded many takes; created their own scripts and took to heart the feedback from their colleagues during the earlier practice recording. When reviewing the film we noted the stark contrast and quality of the earlier recording from those after the camp.

Continued use of the laptop
On the parent questionnaire, many parents from private schools before complained that their children never used their laptop (not all private school students in Rwanda purchased laptops which leave some classrooms with, maybe, one or two students owning a laptop, which makes it difficult for teachers to ask students to use their laptops in education). But after the camp, many parents took notice that now their children are constantly filming. Even during the camp, some participants were recording before and after the start and finish of the camp, not for their final documentary but for their own enjoyment.

Teacher Involvement
There were two teachers from two different schools who came to learn about ways to work with students and laptops. This was something we had not done before, but during the camp the teachers were working together, taking notes, and by the end of the camp, interpreted some of our activities into lesson plans that they could do during the school-year.

Photos from ” A day in the life” Documentary Camp


Profile of a colleague in New Times

My dear friend and colleague Desire gets a nice profile in New Times Newspaper.

First day of the “A day in the life” XO documentary camp

Today was the first day of “a day in the life”
documentary camp. We have invited a total of 30 students from both public and private schools: ESCAF, EPAK, Green Hills & La Colombiere. In addition to the student participants we also have two teachers from ESCAF and Green Hills present in an effort to spread powerful ways of working with the laptop among the private schools.

We wanted to hold a camp focusing on documentaries for a multitude of reasons, but mainly because we wanted to focus on using an activity that is simple and takes no time to explain. We always advocate not to teach laptops, rather, teach using the laptops, but because our time with students and/or teachers is short, we usually end up using most of our time explaining HOW to use the deeper activites, rather than USING them. Additionally, we wanted to give a voice to Rwandan students. They are able to share with the world “a day in their life” from their eyes. Each child will make their own documentary, then, we will compile all the short documentaries and make a full-legnth feature film which will be shown in a Hollywood-style premiere in January.

Something new we also wanted to do during this camp is to properly document our work so that these kind of activities can spread through Rwanda and other “OLPC countries.” Desire is conducting research. He is distributing questionnaires, conducting interviews, and watching for learning moments. Jimmy is making sure everything is recorded through video. This documentation will not only bes used for short term but we also hope will evolve into a means for a more long term research on the affects of our work and the project more generally.

While most of the day was to get familiar with everyone, one major outcome was when the visiting Headmistress of a school noted to our team that she realized she would have to start to change the culture of her school, once she noticed that her students were much more reserved and scared to express themselves than the other participants. She plans to foster a more interactive and free environment moving forward.

Kids Documentary Camp

I am excited to share that MINEDUC and OLPC-Rwanda will be holding a joint Documentary Camp in which Rwandan children will create a short documentary about ” a day in their life.” They will work in groups, harnessing advanced mathematical, programming and social science skills and edit together their short documentaries into a final film to be premiered for their parents, community and esteemed stakeholders. We also hope to involve the local Rwanda film community, “Hillywood.” We will start the work beginning next week. I love this idea of the camp because although we advocate “not teaching the laptop” due to time restraints, for example, just 1-week with children, we end up teaching the basics and have little opportunity to go very deep. This time, children will be using Record and some editing software, they will have time and space to focus on their documentaries and already have the necessary knowledge needed to use the laptop. We plan to have participants from La Colombiere, Green Hills, ESCAF schools.